This festival is celebrated mostly in Andhra Pradesh,Tamilnadu,Karnata - Southern part of India. Aug 13th 2010 is observed as Naga Chaturthi.
Naga Chaturthi comes on the fourth day after Adi Ammavasai in the month of Adi. This festival is generally observed by women , praying for the well being and long life of their children.The women have a oil bath. and the entrance to the house cleaned and decorated with kolam in the vasal.
On this day, women folk visit temples where the idols of Serpents are installed, they also visit ant-hills, snake-pits to offer milk - kept in bowls near the snake-pits.
It is believed that if a serpent drink the offered milk, then devotees' wishes will come true very soon. Some worshippers draw snake structures on a wooden plank/card board or on the wall and perform pooja with flowers, offer milk, bananas, a special offering called ellurundai (Sesame mixed with Jaggery), Arisi urundai or Thambitu (rice flour dough mixed with sugar or jaggery).
Thambit is made by soaking rice for an hour or so. Draining all the water and powdering this. After the rice is powdered, add jaggery and blend together or grate the jaggery and mix this well with the rice flour. [if the rice flour is wet or hot, adding jaggery will make it watery, so better grate it and mix].
Thus Naga Chaturthi/Nagula Chavithi festival is celebrated by womenfolk for goodhealth of their Children. They sing glories of Serpent gods.
Some people observe Naga Chaturthi Viratham in the month of karthigai if they miss in the Adi masam.
On the day of the Naga Chaturthi some communities fast during the daytime and eat food only after sunset.
Some people avoid salt on the day that means food is consumed without salt. Deep fried things are avoided on the day. Some communities in South India have an elaborate oil bath on the day.
There is a belief that unmarried women who undertake Naga Chaturthi Viratham and do the puja and feed snakes will get good husbands.
It is widely believed that the childless couples will be blessed with a child, if they observe the Naga Panchami Viratham.
Those who read the story from the Mahabharata on the day of Naga Chaturthi after worshipping Sarpas will be greatly relieved from the problems due to Sarpa dosha. The impact of Sarpa dosha is so severe that it may create early curtailment of wedlock, by death of spouse or divorce, delay in pregnency or no pregnency and unexpected miscarriage.
Dosha Nivarana Mantra should be recited for 108 times daily for more results that are effective.
Sarpa Dosha Nivarana Mantra
'Anantho Vasukee Seshaha Padmanaabhascha Kambalaha
Sankhapaalo Dhaatharaastraha Takshaka Kaaliyasthatha
Ethaani Navanaamaani Nagaanaam cha
Saayamkaale pateth nityam praathakaale'
Purchase two silver Sarpa prathimas five headed and two bodied idols and worship on Tuesday and Saturdays for 18 weeks. Visit the temple of Lord Subrmanya swamy every day and worship. Wear Gomedagam in a silver ring in the middle finger.
Perform pooja of Lord Narasimha. Sri Krishna Himself sincerely worshipped Lord Narasimha that the poison of the evil snake Kaaliya had no effect on Him. Chant Lord Subramanya swamy ashtaka every day with utmost faith and sincerity.
Visit Rameswaram, Devipattinam and the Navagraha temples around Kumbakonam with your spouse and offer prayers. Perform this Naga Chaturthi Viratham regularly every year. Donate pulses to the poor on 43 Wednesdays.